Common name: Fennel, Sweet fennel, Florence fennel, Finocchio
Hindi: Moti saunf
Kannada: Dodda sompu
Fennel is a highly aromatic biennial herb, erect, shining green, and grows to 2.5 m tall, with hollow stems. The leaves grow up to 40 cm long; they are finely dissected, with the ultimate segments filament-like, about 0.5 mm wide. The leaves are similar to those of dill, yet slightly thinner in comparison. The flowers are produced in terminal compound umbels (umbrella like clusters arising from the same point on the stem) 5–15 cm wide, each umbel section with 20–50 tiny yellow flowers on short stalks. The fruit is a dry seed from 4–10 mm long, half as wide or less, and grooved. This fruit is what the plant is better known for, and is usually mistakenly called seed. Fennel is used in Indian cooking. It is an essential ingredient while making biryani, the delicious aromatic rice preparation.
fennel seeds are eaten on a regular basis, they provide the body with valuable minerals like zinc, calcium and selenium.
Fennel seeds contain Vitamin A, which is important for eyesight
Fennel seeds and their phytonutrients help clear sinuses. They make a great tea to aid with bronchitis, congestion and cough as they have expectorant properties.
Fennel Tea is for Constipation, Indigestion.
Phosphate and calcium are both important in bone structure
Lowers Blood Pressure