BOTANICAL NAME: Rauwolfia serpentina
English: serpentine wood
Hindi: Chandrabagha, Chota chand;
Kannada: Patalagondhi, Sarpagandhi, Shivavabhiballi, Sutranavi;
Malayalam: Chuvanna-vilpori, Suvapavalforiyan;
Tamil: Chivan amelpodi;
Telugu: Paataala garuda, Paataala goni
Description of Herbs:
Sarpagandha is an erect, evergreen shrub, merely 15 to 45 cm high. Its leaves are large, in whorls of three – dark green above and pale green below. The flowers are white, pinkish or red, occurring in whorls. Its fruit are tiny, oval, fleshy which turn a shiny purple-black when ripe. It is the roots of the plant that are mainly used for medicinal purposes.
Botany: An erect perennial shrub with a long, irregularly, nodular, yellowish root stock.
Leaves: In whorls of 3, thin, lanceolate, acute, bright green above and pale beneath.
Flowers: in irregular corymbose cymes, white, often tinged with violet.
Fruit: Drupe, single or didymous, shining black, the inflorescenece with red pedicels and calyx and white corolla.
Flowering Time: March to May in Indian conditions.
It is used for the treatment of high blood sugar. Hence called as universal medicine for lowering blood pressure.
It cures insomnia, hysteria and hypertension. Rauwolfia is found beneficial in relieving hysteria. One gram power of root can be taken 3 times with milk everyday.
It is also useful for in the treatment of cataract.
It also cures plague and fever.
Sarpagandha is used for the treatment of Schizophrenia.
It is used in different countries as a sedative and tranquilizer.
Rauwolfia serpentina is believed to cure anxiety, psychosis and epilepsy.
It is also quoted for the treatment of colic and cholera.
The root is used for the difficult childbirth.
It is used to stimulate uterine contraction.
It is used in various part of the world for the treatment of snake (cobra), scorpion or reptile bite and stings of any poisonous insects.