Botanical name: Anamirta cocculus
Family: Menispermaceae (Moonseed family)
Tamil Name: Pean Kottai
English Name: Cocculus indicus
Common Name: Fish Berry
Hindi: काकमारी (Kakamari)
Malayalam: Anakrytu, anamrytu
Telugu: Kaaka maari, kaaki chempa
Fish Berry is a large woody climber spreading over large trees. The plant is large-stemmed, up to 10 cm in diameter, the bark is corky grey with white wood. Leaves are simple, alternate, long-stalkes, ovate, heart-shaped. Flowers are greenish in long panicles, arising from the nodes of old stem. The small, yellowish-white, sweet-scented flowers are 6-10 cm across. The fruit produced is a drupe, about 1 cm in diameter when dry. Its crushed seeds are an effective pediculicide (anti-lice) and are also traditionally used to stun fish or as a pesticide. The name “fishberry” comes from the use of the dried fruit as a method of fishing.
The fruits are bitter, astringent, thermogenic, and expectorant, anti-fungal.
They are useful in vitiated conditions of kapha and vata, bronchitis.
The crushed seeds are an effective anti-lice and are also traditionally used to stun fish or as a pesticide
They are used for inflammations and chronic skin diseases and ring worm.
It is used for rapid evolution of uterus.
Benefits – External:
It has anti-fungal properties. In the past, the seeds of this plant were mashed and used in the form of a medication to treat ringworm.