Botanical Name : Eugenia Jambolana
English Name : Jambolan
Tamil Name : Naval Kottai
Hindi Name : Jamun / Jambul
Malayalam Name : Njaval
Telugu Name : Neereedu / Neredu Chettu
A slow growing species, it can reach heights of up to 30 m and can live more than 100 years. Its dense foliage provides shade and is grown just for its ornamental value. At the base of the tree, the bark is rough and dark grey, becoming lighter grey and smoother higher up. Jamun trees start flowering from March to April. The flowers are fragrant and small, about 5 mm in diameter. The fruits develop by May or June and resemble large berries.The fruit is oblong, ovoid. Unripe fruit looks green. As it matures, its color changes to pink, then to shining crimson red and finally to black color.The seed of the fruit is used in various alternative healing systems like Ayurveda.