Mace (Jathi Pathri)
Botanical Name : Myristica fragrance
Family: Myristicaceae (Nutmeg family)
Common Name : Nutmeg
Tamil: Jathi Pathri
Hindi: jati-phal, jayaphal
Malayalam: jathi, jathikka
Nutmeg is a tropical evergreen tree that reaches about 65 feet tall. It native to Indonesia and cultivated widely in India for its fruit. The bark is greyish black. The leaves are elliptic or oblong-lanceolate and leathery. The flowers, borne in umbel-like cymes, are creamy yellow and fragrant. The nutmeg fruit is similar in appearance to an apricot. When fully mature it splits in two, exposing a crimson-colored edible pulp surrounding a single seed, the nutmeg. Dried nutmegs are grayish-brown ovals with furrowed surfaces about 1-1.5 inches long.
Mace spice is derived from the dried, outer aril of the nutmeg kernel. Despite being produced from the same fruit seed; mace has a higher concentration of volatile oils than nutmeg and produces a more intense aroma.