Botanical Name: Myristica fragrance
Family: Myristicaceae (Nutmeg family)
Common Name: Nutmeg
Hindi: jati-phal, jayaphal
Malayalam: jathi, jathikka
Nutmeg is a tropical evergreen tree that reaches about 65 feet tall. It native to Indonesia and cultivated widely in India for its fruit. The bark is greyish black. The leaves are elliptic or oblong-lanceolate and leathery. The flowers, borne in umbel-like cymes, are creamy yellow and fragrant. The nutmeg fruit is similar in appearance to an apricot. When fully mature it splits in two, exposing a crimson-colored edible pulp surrounding a single seed, the nutmeg. Dried nutmegs are grayish-brown ovals with furrowed surfaces about 1-1.5 inches long.
This spice consisting of the seed has a characteristic, pleasant fragrance and slightly warm taste; it is used to flavor many kinds of baked goods, meats, sausages, sauces, vegetables, and such beverages as eggnog.
- It is a very good for digestive.
- It prevents accumulation of gas in the abdomen.
- It reduces flatulence.
- It strengthens teeth and gums.
- It reduces pain in joints and muscles.
- It stimulates brain and nervous tissue.