Botanical name: Pistacia vera
Family: Anacardiaceae (cashew family)
Tamil Name: Pista
Common Name: Pista
Malayalam: Anakrytu, Anamrytu
The tree grows up to 10 m (33 ft) tall. It has deciduous pinnate leaves 10–20 centimeters (4–8 inches) long. The plants are dioecious, with separate male and female trees. The flowers are apetalous and unisexual and borne in panicles.
The fruit is a drupe, containing an elongated seed, which is the edible portion. The seed, commonly thought of as a nut, is a culinary nut, not a botanical nut. The fruit has a hard, cream-colored exterior shell. The seed has a mauve-colored skin and light green flesh, with a distinctive flavor. When the fruit ripens, the shell changes from green to an autumnal yellow/red and abruptly splits partly open.
- Pistachios contain nutrients such as carbohydrates, protein & amino acids, fats, and dietary fiber.
- Pistachio oil extracted from kernels is one of the healthiest cooking oils.
- It is rich in minerals such as phosphorus, potassium, calcium, iron, ect.,
- Pistachios also provide you with essential vitamins like vitamin A, K, C, E,
- B6, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, folate, pantothenic acid choline and betaine.
- Regular consumption of pistachios in the diet may help lowering total as well as bad LDL-cholesterol and increase good HDL-cholesterol levels in the blood.