Ricinus fast growing evergreen, herbaceous and semi woody large shrub gain height up to 5mt and width is 4.5m wide.
The glossy leaves are green to purplish in color and are palmate, with 5-11 deeply incised lobes and have long petioles.
Stems contain hollow nodes and are green to reddish in color.
Male flowers are on the lower spike of flower with yellow colored anthers and female flower is egg shaped capsules, reddish brown and are thickly covered with soft flexible spines.
Each capsule contains three seeds that look like fat, swollen and are deadly poisonous with brownish mottling.