Botanical name: Lepidium sativum Family: Brassicaceae (Mustard family)
Common name: Garden Cress, Garden pepper cress, Pepper grass, pepperwort, Poor man’s pepper Hindi: akalam, candsur, chansar, chansaur, chaunsar, halim
Kannada: alavibija, allibija
Tamil: aliverai, alivirai, alivitai
Telugu: adalvitulu, adeli, aditya
Garden Cress is an annual herb that can reach a height of 2 ft, with many branches on the upper part. The leaves are entire, the upper ones are stalkless whereas lower ones stalked. Flowers are white to pinkish in color, small, 2 mm across, borne in long racemes. The fruits are small pods, obovate, with two seeds per pod. The seeds are brownish red in colour and become slimy when soaked in water. Garden Cress is native to mediterranean region, introduced and naturalised, cultivated throughout the world. Within India, it is cultivated as a salad plant. It is found as an escape.
- The seeds are strong antioxidant.
- They have anti-diabetic, cholesterol lowering, blood pressure lowering, anti-diarrheal.
- The seeds are used in Arabic countries for improving healing of bone fractures.
- It Helps to treating respiratory illness
- In cold, cough the paste of whole plant is taken after every four hours.